A Modern Desktop is a desktop based on Microsoft 365, with Windows 10 and Office 365 ProPlus being kept up to date on a modern device.
Shifting to a Modern Desktop means three things:
Upgrading from a legacy Windows (like Windows 7) to Windows 10, or refreshing with new Windows 10 devices
Moving from perpetual Office to the rich client applications of Office 365 ProPlus
IT teams adopting a “stay current” process utilizing Windows and Office servicing to deploy regular security and feature updates.
This combination provides the most productive and secure computing experience for users, while lowering complexity for IT Teams and total cost of ownership for the organization.